Te Mana o te Moana
The state of the climate
in the Pacific 2021 Report
“Dear Prime Minister Scott Morrison,
Scientists agree, to avoid the worst impacts of climate change, we need to act fast.
The world is already facing extreme climate-fuelled storms, floods and droughts. And our Pacific Island neighbours are on the front line. By refusing to cut climate pollution, the Australian Government is ranked last for climate action among UN members and is directly threatening the lives, livelihoods and cultures of our Pacific neighbours.
Scott Morrison: We are running out of time. The rest of the world is moving ahead. Australia must replace coal and gas with renewable energy and cut emissions by 75% this decade.”
Sign now to demand the Australian Federal Government to take urgent climate action.
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FACT ONE: The Australian government’s policies of supporting the expansion of the fossil fuel industry and its inadequate 2030 emissions reduction target are completely incompatible with the Paris Agreement and go against the spirit of the agreement. The Paris Agreement aims to cap global heating at 1.5 degrees and Australian policies are completely at odds with that goal.
FACT TWO: ‘Critically insufficient’ NDCs, which would lock in over 4 degrees of heating if extrapolated across all nations, comprise 5.37 per cent of annual global emissions, a substantial improvement from the 19.09 per cent in the first edition of this report in 2020. This improvement is overwhelmingly due to the USA’s substantially stronger NDC, which sees it move out of the Critically Insufficient category and into the Insufficient one.
FACT THREE: ‘Highly insufficient’ NDCs, which would lock in between 3 and 4 degrees of heating if extrapolated across all nations, comprise a further 33.10 per cent of annual global emissions, or slightly more than 2020’s 32.87 per cent. ‘Insufficient’ NDCs, which would lead to between 2 and 3 degrees of heating if extrapolated across all nations, comprise a further 21.46 per cent of annual global emissions, significantly more than 2020’s 13.22 per cent.
FACT FOUR: Even if all current NDCs were to be met, the world would still be on track for between 2.2 and 3.4 degrees of heating by 2100. It is clear, therefore, that the nations of the world must do everything within their power to rapidly reduce their emissions on an equitable basis.
FACT FIVE: Small island developing states may experience ‘higher water stress’ - that is, they will struggle to get enough water for their usual needs - due to increasing aridity when global heating is allowed to reach 2°C, as compared to 1.5°C.